Informal speech[ edit ] Epenthesis most often occurs within unfamiliar or complex consonant clusters. Something similar happened in Sanskritwith the result that a new vowel -i or -a was added to many words.
In Dutchwhenever the suffix -er which has several meanings is attached to Schwa epenthesis french word already ending in -r, an additional -d- is inserted in between.
Quite a few languages have a sound similar to schwa. Turkish prefixes close vowels to loanwords with initial clusters of alveolar fricatives followed by another consonant: In Standard Finnish, consonant clusters may not be broken by epenthetic vowels; foreign words undergo consonant deletion rather than addition of vowels: Some dialects, like Savo and Ostrobothnianhave epenthesis instead and use the preceding vowel in clusters of type -l C - and -h C - in Savo also -nh.
Even if the word, such as a personal name, is native, a paragogic vowel is needed to connect a consonantal case ending to the word. Some apparent occurrences of epenthesis, however, have a separate cause: In Standard Finnish, they are slightly intensified before a consonant in a medial cluster: Regular or semi-regular epenthesis commonly occurs in languages with affixes.
However, modern loans may not end in consonants. Middle of word[ edit ] Examples are common in many Slavic languageswhich had a preference for vowel-final syllables in earlier times. In Koreanthe letter or rather jamo is used, but it may also represent a "null" vowel used in the transcription of foreign consonant clusters, when it may be deleted.
Nothing changes grammatically, including the spelling and the syllabication of the word. It is occasionally word-initial but usually word-final, as a form of the definite article.
Another possibility is a sound change deleting vowels at the end of a word, which is a very common sound change. Most speakers pronounce borrowings with spelling pronunciationsand others try to approximate the nearest equivalents in Portuguese of the phonemes in the original language.
In Spanish, it is usual to find epenthetic vowels in sequences of plosive, flap, and vowel or labiodental fricative, flap, and vowel, normally in a non-emphatic pronunciation.
In Finnish[ edit ] In Finnishthere are two epenthetic vowels and two nativization vowels.A subscript small schwa (ₔ) is used in Indo-European studies. Examples Albanian. In Albanian, schwa is represented by the letter ë, which is also one of the letters of the Albanian alphabet, coming right after the letter e.
Remarks on Schwa Deletion and Epenthesis in French Jacques Durand & Julien Eychenne Laboratoire Cognition, Langues, Langage, Ergonomie (Toulouse-Le Mirail) 1 Introduction Virtually all the literature on French Schwa assumes that schwa deletion and epenthesis are cate-gorical phenomena.
This paper is an attempt to challenge this. nature of schwa is described and how schwa’s behavior plays into its role in Modern French.
Problems proposed by reduced schwa vowels and the phonological processes that cause these reductions in Modern French are described. Vocalic epenthesis typically occurs when words are borrowed from a language that has consonant clusters or syllable codas that are not permitted in the borrowing language.
Languages use various vowels, but schwa is quite common when it is available: Hebrew uses a single vowel, the schwa (pronounced /ɛ/ in Israeli Hebrew). Schwa deletion and schwa epenthesis in French; problems and advantages for an account in terms of phonological (proper) government for French; epenthesis as rule inversion; an Optimality-Theoretic account.
Vowel deletion and vowel epenthesis in French. Some basic facts of French schwa. French schwa in Harmonic Grammar French schwa refers to a back rounded vowel [œ] or [ø] that alternates with zero and [ɛ]. epenthesis, and that schwa is more likely in the phrase penultimate position.
a. la terre se vend *Schwa w = 3 *CC$ w = 2 Schwa .Download