Like Lornez, Dollard thought that getting aggressive cleared the mind of frustrations [a Catharsis] and life could then go on as normal. Psychology aggression notes receiving testosterone became more aggressive.
Findings revealed testosterone levels governed aggression. Taking on the values of groups we belong to — which may be peaceful or aggressive Johnson and Downing: General Criticisms of Genetic Research AO3 Comparative — much of the work on genes has been done on animals and may not apply to humans so easily.
Inter-Group Aggression This is aggression between different groups, such as warfare and gangs. Children observe aggressive behavior in others, but how they act may depend on what the consequences of aggression were, particularly for those they use as role models.
Social learning, acquisition of behaviors by watching others, is believed to function in learning aggressive behaviors. Domestic violence in which a person is beaten by her or his spouse is a serious modern social problem. Jealous males are determined to pass on their OWN genes. Male sticklebacks will respond Psychology aggression notes to the red underbelly of a rival male — but not to a female who does not have the red underbelly.
Male — Male aggression among young men is common in all human cultures — suggesting it is evolutionary. Social learning Theory In the s Social learning theory seen as a challenge to behaviorists Suggested children learn things even without doing them, through observational learning and modelling.
But people were less angry if the bus had a sign saying out of service [Pastore ] The danger is that it justifies deviant behavior: Biological theories tend to overlook the effects of socialisation and other environmental issues, such as environmental stressors.
Children in disguised or in a large group behaved worse. Lorenz also suggested that much aggression was aimed at members of the same species, when competing for territory or sexual partners, but some animals are so fierce they could easily damage each other when fighting for dominance; Eg.
Specific triggers seem to set it off. They suggest that groups or sub-cultures come together because they have some sort of similarity, convergence then establish their own norms emergent norms.
Biology has a role in aggression. If the question asks about Social learning Theory it is not enough only to write about the Bobo Doll experiment. An electric shock experiment, similar to the classic Milgram study, found that disguised students were more likely to shock others — supports deindividuation.
This would support the FAP theory. Universal all the animals in that species use the same type of threat. Genetic factors do not work in isolation but interact with environmental factors as well. Aggression is not inevitable.
Assumes humans have no choice and will follow primitive behavior patterns. Being disguised, or part of a crowd, will therefore lead to increased aggression.
This theory fails to explain premeditated aggression and bearing grudges. Other biologists have studied the aggression produced by exposing the nervous system to chemicals drugs, such as alcohol or hormones such as testosterone. AO3 This explanation was probably an example of Lorenz trying to adapt Freudian ideas to animals!
Once it starts it cannot simply be stopped. Men will only fight if those who share the rewards also share the danger. The Sry gene was associated with high levels of aggression, suggesting that genes and hormones interact and that sex chromosome genes also have a role.
Dogs bark and snarl, cats hiss, apes beat their chest or wave sticks about.We watch other people, in particular children watch others a lot of the time. We can see how people react to certain situations; what they say, what they do, how they do/ say it.
We can also observe the consequences of somebodies actions. If the observer imitates the behaviour we know that the. From the perspective of evolutionary psychology, human male aggression, like that in nonhuman primates, likely serves to display dominance over other males, both to protect a mate and to perpetuate the male’s genes ().
Sexual jealousy is part of male aggression; males endeavor to make sure their mates are not copulating with other males, thus.
These study notes cover the core topics relating to Aggression for A Level Psychology. The Psychology of Aggression by Psychology Notes HQ · December 30, In Psychology, aggression refers to physical and verbal behaviours that. Aggression is behavior, verbal or physical, intended to physically hurt or harm in some other way another person or thing.
Whether aggression is manifested by individuals or groups (including nations), it is the most destructive force in social relations and consequently an important social issue.
Children observe aggressive behavior in others, but how they act may depend on what the consequences of aggression were, particularly for those they use as role models.
AO3. Positive Criticisms of Bandura. Huge implications for society -provides a key to understanding causes of good and bad behavior.Download