In its course of development religion has supported and promoted evil practices such as cannibalism, slavery, untouchability, human and animal sacrifice etc.
Failure to perform these acts is considered a sin. Belief in deities and the practice of the worship of ancestors has persisted in Chinese life, and has come to form the basis of what has broadly been termed popular religion. Kukai or Kobo Daishi returned with the rapidly-spreading esoteric branch of Buddhism called Shingon Chinese: It has tried to reconcile its doctrine with scientific knowledge.
Contributions to Southeast Asian Ethnography 9: The Ritual Context of Morality Books: The Buddhist tradition in India, China and Japan. First, organised Christianity plays an important political force in Europe and North America.
The ultimate end of life is to attain Moksha. When human hopes are blighted, when all that was planned and striven for has been swept away, man naturally wants something to console and compensate him.
Recent changes under Communist influence, led by Mao, have been profound, strengthening agnostic tendencies for many in the population. At the heart of popular religion is the worship of deities and veneration of ancestors at shrines in the home or temples.
For him therefore religion is, to be sure, superstition, but to stop at this point is to limit religion to merely abstract belief.
Hampers the Adaptation of Society to Changed Conditions: Others regard religion as something very earthly and materialistic, designed to achieve practical ends. In Lao-tzu and the Tao-te-ching Ed. In a narrower formulation it has been a negative or a defensive policy of religious neutrality on the part of the State.
Religion may Foster Dependence and Irresponsibility: Religion in each of these societies gave its members the courage needed for survival in an unfavourable environment, by giving explanations to certain aspects of the human conditions which could not be explained in a rational manner.
For Marx all that was fundamental in the science of society proceeded from the material and especially the economic sphere. Unlike Hsun Tzu, Han Fei Tzu did not believe that people could be reformed, advocating instead a strong, even ruthless, form of government that could control human behaviour.
It thus provides support for social standards, socially accepted behaviour. The masses and guide their activities for the benefit of the society rather than for the purpose of pleasing the God. It also inculcated the habit of charity among the people who opened many charitable institutions like hospitals, rest houses, temples to help the needy and the poor.
But evidences show that religious beliefs have not declined in West as well as in our society. Two traditions of Neo-Confucian thought emerged: It flourished again under Mongol rule in the 13th century, and in Kublai Khan established an office for the supervision of Christians.
The Five Classics were handed down from earlier times and emphasised by Confucius. Religion goes back to the beginning of the culture itself. The things for which he strives are in some measure always denied to him.
It is a very ancient institution. These were propagated by monks trained in the Tendai tradition, but again derived largely from pre-existent Chinese or Indian Buddhist teachings adapted to Japanese circumstances. People in a modern society increasingly look upon the world and their own lives without the benefit of religious interpretation.
Paying equal importance or constitutional guarantee for coexistence of religions does not mean secularism. This is derived from two root words. Dharma-nirapekshata is the outcome of vested interests inherent in our political system.
Simply put, the Buddha was seen as the divine protector of the state. Founded by Master Hsin Tao, Ling Jiao Shan has acquired prominence within Taiwan and beyond on account of its establishment of a museum of world religions with branches in Taiwan and the United States.There is no character in Chinese that correlates to the word "religion" as it is conventionally used in the West, and if the term "religion" is used in conjunction with Taoism confusion may arise since religion in China was not distinguished from social conduct in general.
The term Chinese religion for the most part has been characterized by some as a religion that is not an organized, unified system of beliefs and practices. It has no true leadership, no formal headquarters, no independent founders, and no denominations.
Instead, “Chinese religion” is a general term used to describe the complex interaction of. General Essay on Chinese Religions Words | 11 Pages. Early Chinese religion belongs to the mythical and prehistoric period.
Tradition speaks of the origins of Chinese culture lying in the 3rd millennium BCE with the Hsia dynasty. As of yet no historical evidence has been found for such a dynasty; all references to it are mythical.
Books on Chinese Religion: There are many books, textbooks, collections and monographs on Chinese religions some of which are already available in the library. The following is a list of the books deemed especially important, and students are encouraged to read some of them for further research and for writing essays.
General Essay on South East Asian Religions. Introduction Chinese influences included theories and systems of government, language and a writing system, art, medicine, agriculture, technology and religion.
Buddhism in early Japan (NARA BUDDHISM) was understood on the Chinese/Korean model in terms of its relationship. Essay Chinese Religion: Daoism or Taoism The most notable among these figures is Laozi who is often credited with founding Daoism.
Laozi, the “Wise Old Man,” was said to travel across China on the back of an ox, spreading his philosophy.Download