It does not result in the same certainty as experimental science, but it sets out testable hypotheses and constructs a narrative explanation of what is observed. She would rather be with the dead brother she loves. Creon has just confronted Antigone, who boasts that she defied the decree and buried her brother.
Accident philosophy According to Aristotle, spontaneity and chance are causes of some things, distinguishable from other types of cause such as simple necessity. It tells us what a thing is, that a thing is determined by the definition, form, pattern, essence, whole, synthesis or archetype.
Scala naturae Aristotle recorded that the embryo of a dogfish was attached by a cord to a kind of placenta the yolk saclike a higher animal; this formed an exception to the linear scale from highest to lowest.
As a final example, fecundity decreases with lifespan, so long-lived kinds like elephants have fewer young in total than short-lived kinds like mice. History of optics Aristotle describes experiments in optics using a camera obscura in Problemsbook His description of the hectocotyl arm of cephalopods, used in sexual reproduction, was widely disbelieved until the 19th century.
He also noted that increasing the distance between the aperture and the image surface magnified the image. Aristotle did not do experiments in the modern sense.
He describes the catfishelectric rayand frogfish in detail, as well as cephalopods such as the octopus and paper nautilus. Brood size decreases with adult body mass, so that an elephant has fewer young usually just one per brood than a mouse. It does not mean that one domino knocks over another domino.
He ultimately fails by his own test, for the very first law reveals his faulty character. Four causes Aristotle argued by analogy with woodwork that a thing takes its form from four causes: The final cause is the purpose or function that something is supposed to serve.
Antigone says farewell to the citizens of Thebes as she is led to the cave where she will be buried alive. Their hymn becomes tragically ironic, for this day in Thebes will see the extinction of the ruling houses of Oedipus and Creon.
He gives the death sentence to her and to her sister Ismene.
To a modern biologist, the explanation, not available to Aristotle, is convergent evolution. Antigone tells Ismene she is not afraid to die for the so-called crime of burying her brother. Lifespan increases with gestation periodand also with body mass, so that elephants live longer than mice, have a longer period of gestation, and are heavier.
His term aitia is traditionally translated as "cause", but it does not always refer to temporal sequence; it might be better translated as "explanation", but the traditional rendering will be employed here.
There was hope for the fair Antigone, but now she follows the family fate. It embraces the account of causes in terms of fundamental principles or general laws, as the whole i. Representing the current understanding of causality as the relation of cause and effect, this covers the modern definitions of "cause" as either the agent or agency or particular events or states of affairs.
Thus the material cause of a table is wood. Animals came above plantsand these in turn were above minerals.Frankenstein: Top Ten Quotes, Free Study Guides and book notes including comprehensive chapter analysis, complete summary analysis, author biography information, character profiles, theme analysis, metaphor analysis, and top ten quotes on classic literature.
Antigone: Top Ten Quotes, Free Study Guides and book notes including comprehensive chapter analysis, complete summary analysis, author biography information, character profiles, theme analysis, metaphor analysis, and top ten quotes on classic literature.
Aristotle (/ ˈ ær ɪ ˌ s t ɒ t əl /; Greek: Ἀριστοτέλης Aristotélēs, pronounced [aristotélɛːs]; – BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher and scientist born in the city of Stagira, Chalkidiki, in the north of Classical mi-centre.com with Plato, Aristotle is considered the "Father of Western Philosophy", which inherited almost its entire lexicon from his.Download