The Dutch have waged a constant battle in order to claim, reclaim, and preserve their lands from the sea through the construction of dikes, polders drained lakes and bogsdrainage systems, and windmills for pumping out water.
And, of course, this brought in more money and pushed the Dutch to expand their domestic industries and finance operations in three ways. They also needed a long-range ship that could protect their far-flung commercial interests.
Later he served briefly as ambassador to England The result was the frigate, a sleeker shallow draught vessel with only about 40 guns, but capable of A history of the dutch republic in europe voyages.
First they invested in a wide variety of industries, some traditional and some new: The vast sums of cash this bank attracted in deposits allowed it to lower interest rates, which in turn brought in more investments, and so on.
The rest were English 43French 32Scottish 20Walloon 11and German 9 companies fighting for the Dutch because they had the money to pay them. Investors rushed to get in on the action, forming the Dutch East Indies Company in The Dutch pattern of growth Dutch control of the herring trade touched off a cycle where the Dutch would get profits, invest those profits in new ventures, which generated more profits and so on.
The Dutch also created a stock market. Maarten Prak offers a lively and innovative history of the Dutch Golden Age, charting its political, social, economic and cultural history through chapters that range from the introduction of the tulip to the experience of immigrants and Jews in Dutch society, the paintings of Vermeer and Rembrandt, and the ideas of Spinoza.
It was cheaper to build, costing little more than half as much as other ships, thanks to the use of mechanical cranes, wind-driven saws, and overall superior shipbuilding techniques. Motley cast the struggle for Dutch independence in terms of a war of good William of Orange, liberty, protestantism, etc against evil Spain, the Inquisition, tyranny, etcin the process drawing a parallel between heroism of the Dutch and Americans in their respective wars of liberation.
The success of the Baltic Mother Trade and their domestic economy led the Dutch to expand their foreign trade on a global scale. Notable among Dutch artists were Rembrandt, Vermeer, Hals, Van Dyck, Steen, Ruysdael, and Hobbema, whose portraits, domestic scenes, landscapes, and mastery of light and shadow brought their age to life on the canvass as no artists before them had done.
Along with money to patronize the arts and sciences, the Dutch Republic had both a free and tolerant atmosphere and enterprising spirit willing to challenge old notions and creatively expand the frontiers of the arts and sciences. They also discovered an even more lucrative condiment in the Caribbean than salt: What the Dutch came up with was the fluyta marvel of Dutch efficiency and engineering.
They did this in three basic directions. The whole process started with fish. This economic dominance was the product of a chain reaction of events and processes that, as so often was the case, was rooted in geography. Such a far-flung trading empire, combined with the struggle with Spain, required a navy to protect its merchant ships.
Pieter Geyl, History of the Dutch-Speaking PeoplesPhoenix Press,originally published as two separate volumes in and Her The Thirty Years War about the religious wars across Europe in the early 17th century remains a classic.
First, as the name Netherlands literally "lowlands" implies, much of the Dutch Republic is below sea level. While there, they found the plantations in the West Indies needed slaves, which got them involved in the African slave trade.
Finally, Jan van Linschuten, a Dutch captain who had served Portugal, showed the way around Africa in The fluyt also had simpler rigging that used winches and tackles, thus requiring a crew of only 10 men compared to on other European ships.
However, breaking into the lucrative Asian Spice market, the third new direction of Dutch expansion, was not so easy. The modern classic on the Dutch Republic.
Until the 16th century, the Low Countries — corresponding roughly to the present-day NetherlandsBelgiumand Luxembourg — consisted of a number of duchiescounties, and prince-bishopricsalmost all of which were under the supremacy of the Holy Roman Empirewith the exception of the county of Flanders, which was under the Kingdom of France.
This was unsuccessful and in the provinces became a confederacy. Geography of the Netherlands Three geographic factors influenced the rise of the Dutch Republic. The Netherlands regained independence from France in For the southern provinces that did not secede from Habsburg control insee Spanish Netherlands.
From there, always in search of new markets, the Dutch explored the South Pacific, discovering Australia, New Zealand, and Tasmania, the last two names bearing evidence of their presence. At this point, warships generally followed the principle of the bigger the better.
Prak is professor of history at Utrecht University. The Dutch looked in vain for a northeast passage around Russia.In this lesson, we explore the birth of the Dutch Republic and the Dutch Golden Age which followed.
Through innovation and economic success, the Dutch became one of the most powerful nations in seventeenth-century Europe.
history of the dutch republic, overseas expansion & “golden age” “ The Dutch are the envy of some, the fear of others, and the wonder of all their neighbours”, wrote Sir William Temple, English ambassador to the Dutch Republic, in This item: The Dutch Republic: Its Rise, Greatness, and Fall (Oxford History of Early Modern Europe) by Jonathan Israel Paperback $ Only 4 left in stock (more on the way).
Ships from and sold by mi-centre.com(13). Dutch Republic, formally Republic of the United Netherlands, Dutch Republiek der Verenigde Nederlanden, (–), state whose area comprised approximately that of the present Kingdom of the Netherlands and which achieved a position of world power in the 17th century.
The Dutch Republic emerged from the epic revolt of the Netherlands against Spanish rule in the late sixteenth century and almost immediately became a /5(3). It was the Dutch Republic's great misfortune to border the great land power of the day, France.
In the 's, the French king, Louis XIV, due to a combination of jealousy of Dutch prosperity and hatred of Protestants, launched a series of wars that would embroil most of Europe and put the Dutch constantly on the front line of battle.Download